[69], During the 1960s and 1970s, the CCP experienced a significant ideological separation from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Aktivieren Sie JavaScript für mehr Features und höhere Geschwindigkeit beim Abfragen. [113] In recent years, when the party has been asked to explain the capitalist globalization occurring, the party has returned to the writings of Karl Marx. "[111] At the 15th National Congress, the party line was changed to "make market forces further play their role in resource allocation"; this line continued until the 3rd Plenary Session [zh] of the 18th Central Committee,[111] when it was amended to "let market forces play a decisive role in resource allocation. [76] It was at this gathering that Jiang Zemin introduced the term socialist market economy, which replaced Chen Yun's "planned socialist market economy". The flag sleeve (pole hem) is in white and 6.5 cm in width. [63], Stalin proposed a one-party constitution when Liu Shaoqi visited the Soviet Union in 1952. [164] According to the CCP's constitution the CYL is a "mass organization of advanced young people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China; it functions as a party school where a large number of young people learn about socialism with Chinese characteristics and about communism through practice; it is the Party's assistant and reserve force. [183] Circa 2008 there are those analysts who compare the current situation of North Korea with that of China during the Cultural Revolution. [199], On 1 October 2020, U.S. For example, on 10 October 2016, the local government of Mengmao Township, Ruili City, Yunnan Province released a concise fiscal revenue and expenditure report for the year 2014. Sie können aber jederzeit auch unangemeldet das Forum durchsuchen. In China ist das die Kommunistische Partei. [77] The concepts of "socialism with Chinese characteristics" and "the primary stage of socialism" were credited to the theory. The Central Committee of the CCP,[35] Joseph Stalin,[36] and the Comintern[37] all hoped that the CCP would control the KMT, even though they differ in strategy and timing. prohibit entirely, to put the lock on all development of private, non-state exchange, i.e., trade, i.e., capitalism, which is inevitable with millions of small producers ... such a policy would be foolish and suicidal for the party that tried to apply it. Data for the proportion of total CCP organizations’ expenditures in total China fiscal revenue is unavailable. Most substantive discussion takes place before the congress, in the preparation period, among a group of top party leaders. [113] Despite admitting that globalization developed through the capitalist system, the party's leaders and theorists argue that globalization is not intrinsically capitalist. [182] Communication between the CCP and the PCC has increased considerably since the 1990s, hardly a month going by without a diplomatic exchange. [201][202][203][204], Communist Party /  People's Republic of China ( Red Army → 8th Route Army, N4A, etc. Vielen Dank, dass Sie unser Angebot durch eine Spende unterstützen wollen! [59] Around the same time, the CCP launched an invasion of Manchuria, where they were assisted by the Soviet Union. [193] Before the 1980s, the CCP had a highly negative and dismissive view of social democracy, a view dating back to the Second International and the Marxist–Leninist view on the social democratic movement. [71], Following Mao's death in 1976, a power struggle between CCP Chairman Hua Guofeng and Vice-chairman Deng Xiaoping erupted. Er kann kein Englisch, wie es für ihn beruflich weitergeht, weiß er nicht. [193] The CCP credits the European social democrats with creating a "capitalism with a human face". [195] By the 1980s, most European social democratic parties were facing electoral decline and in a period of self-reform. [134] The Secretariat is the top implementation body of the Central Committee, and can make decisions within the policy framework established by the Politburo; it is also responsible for supervising the work of organizations that report directly into the Central Committee, for example departments, commissions, publications, and so on. [136] The CNSC "co-ordinates security strategies across various departments, including intelligence, the military, foreign affairs and the police in order to cope with growing challenges to stability at home and abroad. [193] With the exception of a short period in which the CCP forged party-to-party relations with far-right parties during the 1970s in an effort to halt "Soviet expansionism", the CCP's relations with European social democratic parties were its first serious efforts to establish cordial party-to-party relations with non-communist parties. [155], Vacancies in a Party Committee shall be filled by an alternate members according to the order of precedence, which is decided by the number of votes an alternate member got during his or hers election. [100], —Vladimir Lenin on the Marxist rationale for keeping private property. Mit der Machtergreifung durch die Kommunistische Partei Chinas und der Gründung der Volksrepublik China wurde auch eine neue Flagge eingeführt. [30] The congress elected Chen as the first general secretary. [129] The first plenary session of a newly elected central committee elects the general secretary of the Central Committee, the party's leader; the Central Military Commission (CMC); the Politburo; the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC); and since 2013, the Central National Security Commission (CNSC). [116] Informally, the collective leadership is headed by a "leadership core"; that is, the paramount leader, the person who holds the offices of CCP general secretary, CMC chairman and PRC president. [70] By that time, Mao had begun saying that the "continued revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat" stipulated that class enemies continued to exist even though the socialist revolution seemed to be complete, leading to the Cultural Revolution in which millions were persecuted and killed. [80] Unlike Mao, Deng and Jiang Zemin, Hu laid emphasis on collective leadership and opposed one-man dominance of the political system. "[111] Despite this, the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee upheld the creed "Maintain the dominance of the public sector and strengthen the economic vitality of the State-owned economy. [64] Then the Constitution of the PRC in 1954 changed the previous coalition government and established the CCP’s sole ruling system. [182] Chinese analysts on Vietnam believe that the introduction of the Doi Moi reform policy at the 6th CPV National Congress is the key reason for Vietnam's current success. The Communist Party of Germany (German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in the Weimar Republic between 1918 and 1933, an underground resistance movement in Nazi Germany, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956. [97] Alternatively, certain party theorists argue that "capitalism is the early or first stage of communism. Chinas Kommunistische Partei wertet Staatschef Xi zu ihrem "Kern" auf Veröffentlicht am 27.10.2016 | Lesedauer: 2 Minuten Chinas Staatschef Xi Jinping im September According to this report, the fiscal Revenue amounted to RMB 29,498,933.58, and CCP organization' expenditures amounted to RMB 1,660,115.50, that is, 5.63% of fiscal revenue is used by the CCP for its own operation. For instance, Hu Jintao stated in 2012 that the Western world is "threatening to divide us" and that "the international culture of the West is strong while we are weak ... Ideological and cultural fields are our main targets". [63][88], —Jiexiong Yi, a senior Marxist researcher at Beijing University and the Central Party School. The Political Bureau authorizes the General Office to custom-make a number of standard flags and distribute them to all major organs". [81] Hu resigned from his post as CCP General Secretary and Chairman of the CMC at the 18th National Congress held in 2012, and was succeeded in both posts by Xi Jinping. [29] While it was originally held in a house in the Shanghai French Concession, French police interrupted the meeting on 30 July[30] and the congress was moved to a tourist boat on South Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang province. [191] However, several studies have been written on the KMT's loss of power in 2000 after having ruled Taiwan since 1949 (the KMT officially ruled mainland China from 1928 to 1949). [115], Collective leadership, the idea that decisions will be taken through consensus, is the ideal in the CCP. [65][66] Mao said that China should implement a multi-party system under the leadership of the working class revolutionary party (CCP) on the CCP's 8th Congress in 1956. [86] Xi has added his ideology, named after himself, into the CCP constitution in 2017. "[92] To the CCP, Marxism–Leninism provides a "vision of the contradictions in capitalist society and of the inevitability of a future socialist and communist societies". [136] The general secretary has, since Jiang Zemin, also served as Chairman of the CMC. [93], —Ye Xiaowen on the role of Marxist thought. [195] The CCP followed this with great interest, laying most weight on reform efforts within the British Labour Party and the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Und China ist auch nicht als Demokratie verkleidet. [131] The PSC is the party's highest decision-making institution when the Politburo, the Central Committee and the National Congress are not in session. Chiang and Chen proposed solutions,[note 3] but both were rejected by the Comintern. [193] By the 1980s, that view had changed and the CCP concluded that it could actually learn something from the social democratic movement. [185] When Wu Guanzheng, a Central Politburo member, met with Fidel Castro in 2007, he gave him a personal letter written by Hu Jintao: "Facts have shown that China and Cuba are trustworthy good friends, good comrades, and good brothers who treat each other with sincerity. This is the only system that can give full expression to democracy with full powers vested in the people's congresses at all levels and, at the same time, guarantee centralized administration with the governments at each level exercising centralized management of all the affairs entrusted to them by the people's congresses at the corresponding level and safeguarding whatever is essential to the democratic life of the people". [30] He was referred as "China's Lenin". Sein Vater ist Politiker, schon früh wird klar, dass Li ebenfalls in die Kommunistische Partei eintreten will. "A Partocracy with Chinese Characteristics: Governance System Reform under Xi Jinping.". [181] While Chinese analysts of North Korea tend to speak positively of North Korea in public, in official discussions circa 2008 they show much disdain for North Korea's economic system, the cult of personality which pervades society, the Kim family, the idea of hereditary succession in a socialist state, the security state, the use of scarce resources on the Korean People's Army and the general impoverishment of the North Korean people. [192], Circa 2008, the CCP has been especially interested in Latin America,[192] as shown by the increasing number of delegates sent to and received from these countries. [180] It spends a fair amount of time analyzing the situation in the remaining socialist states, trying to reach conclusions as to why these states survived when so many did not, following the collapse of the Eastern European socialist states in 1989 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Sowohl die Registrierung als auch die Nutzung des Trainers sind kostenlos. "[61] This policy, coupled with desertions from the KMT military force (by the spring of 1948, the KMT military had lost an estimated 2 of its 3 million troops) and declining popularity of KMT rule. [129] According to the party constitution, the general secretary must be a member of the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), and is responsible for convening meetings of the PSC and the Politburo, while also presiding over the work of the Secretariat. The official explanation for China's economic reforms is that the country is in the primary stage of socialism, a developmental stage similar to the capitalist mode of production. Congressman Scott Perry introduced legislation to add the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to the Top International Criminal Organizations Target (TICOT) List and provide the United States law enforcement agencies a strategic directive to target the CCP's activity. Deutschland ist für die Kommunistische Partei Chinas einer der wichtigsten strategischen Partner in der Eurozone. [63] Leadership was largely selected based on rules and norms on promotion and retirement, educational background, and managerial and technical expertise. [155] Members enjoy the privilege of attending Party meetings, reading relevant Party documents, receiving Party education, participating in Party discussions through the Party's newspapers and journals, making suggestions and proposal, making "well-grounded criticism of any Party organization or member at Party meetings" (even of the central party leadership), voting and standing for election, and of opposing and criticizing Party resolutions ("provided that they resolutely carry out the resolution or policy while it is in force"); and they have the ability "to put forward any request, appeal, or complaint to higher Party organizations, even up to the Central Committee, and ask the organizations concerned for a responsible reply. [128], The Central Committee, as the party's highest decision-making institution between national congresses, elects several bodies to carry out its work. [119] However, by the time of Jiang, the party had begun propagating a responsibility system, referring to it in official pronouncements as the "core of the collective leadership". [24] Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, both were professors at Peking University. "[97] Some have dismissed the concept of a primary stage of socialism as intellectual cynicism. The dimension of the pole hem is not included in the measure of the flag. [163], The Communist Youth League (CYL) is the CCP's youth wing, and the largest mass organization for youth in China. [155] As of the 17th National Congress (held in 2013), CYL had 89 million members. Abschluss des Parteitags in China Xis Krisen Chinas Kommunistische Partei hat Xi Jinping mit enormer Machtfülle ausgestattet. The CCP headed the Central People's Government. The Three Represents defines the role of the Communist Party of China, and stresses that the Party must always represent the requirements for developing China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people. Lernen Sie eine neue Sprache - mit LEO ganz leicht! Dann deaktivieren Sie AdBlock für LEO oder spenden Sie! [155] A Standing Committee exercises the duties and responsibilities of the corresponding Party Committee when it is not in session. Voitinsky provided these groups with promotional, conference and study abroad expenses. Since the collapse of Eastern European communist governments in 1989–1990 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the CCP has emphasized its party-to-party relations with the ruling parties of the remaining socialist states. [120] Currently, the CCP is claiming that "democracy is the lifeline of the Party, the lifeline of socialism". [61] On 1 October 1949, Mao declared the establishment of the PRC, which signified the end of the Chinese Revolution (as it is officially described by the CCP). [79] Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin's successor as General Secretary, took office in 2002. ... Verurteilung des Kommunismus, das Verbot kommunistischer Symbole und verbot die Nachkommen der Lenin-Stalin-Kommunistische Partei der Republik Moldau. [167], The CCP continues to have relations with non-ruling communist and workers' parties and attends international communist conferences, most notably the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties. "[155] To join, an applicant has to be between the ages of 14 and 28. With more than 91 million members, the CCP is the second largest political party in the world after India's Bharatiya Janata Party. [87] Xi himself has described the thought as part of the broad framework created around socialism with Chinese characteristics. [200], On 21 October 2020, the Subcommittee on International Human Rights (SDIR) of the Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development condemned the persecution of Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang by the Government of China and concluded that the Chinese Communist Party's actions amount to genocide of the Uyghurs per the Genocide Convention. [59] However, KMT rule over the reconquered territories would prove unpopular because of endemic party corruption. US-Außenminister Mike Pompeo hat die in China regierende Kommunistische Partei als „die zentrale Bedrohung unserer Zeit“ für westliche Prinzipien bezeichnet. [27] The CCP continued supporting the Wuhan KMT,[50] On 15 July 1927 the Wuhan KMT finally expelled all communists. [92] According to the People's Daily, Mao Zedong Thought "is Marxism–Leninism applied and developed in China". [72] Deng, alongside Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang, spearheaded the Reform and opening policy, and introduced the ideological concept of socialism with Chinese characteristics, opening China to the world's markets. [152] Party committees exist inside of companies, both private and state-owned. - Jetzt registrieren! [159] Under Jiang Zemin, private entrepreneurs were allowed to become party members. [165] However, the Central Committee (and all central organs) of the CYL work under the guidance of the CCP central leadership. "[155] If a local Party Congress is held before or after the given date, the term of the members of the Party Committee shall be correspondingly shortened or lengthened. [191] In general, one-party states or dominant-party states are of special interest to the party and party-to-party relations are formed so that the CCP can study them. ", "It is my will to join the Communist Party of China, uphold the Party's program, observe the provisions of the Party constitution, fulfill a Party member's duties, carry out the Party's decisions, strictly observe Party discipline, guard Party secrets, be loyal to the Party, work hard, fight for communism throughout my life, be ready at all times to sacrifice my all for the Party and the people, and never betray the Party. [42] The peasants even robbed military supplies, but the communists had little change.

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